Carpets, whether knotted or flat woven are among the best known art forms produced by the Turks from time immemorial. There are environmental, sociological, economic, and religious reasons for the widespread art of carpet weaving among the Turkish people from Central Asia to Turkey. The Turkish carpets have colors, motifs, and patterns. No two carpets are the same; each one is a new creation. Traditionally unknown women have woven the carpets; this is one art form that is rarely appreciated as being the work of a known or a specific artist. Turkish carpets are among the most sought after household items all over the world. Their colors, tones, and patterns with traditional motifs have contributed to the status that Turkish carpets have maintained since the 13th century. Marco Polo, who traveled through Anatolia in the late 13th century, commented on the beauty and artistry of the carpets. Turkish carpets in the 15th and 16th centuries are known through European paintings. For example, in the works of Lotto (15th century Italian painter) and Hans Holbein the Younger, Turkish carpets are seen under the feet of the Virgin Mary, or in secular paintings, on tablesThese colourful and often very beautiful carpets differ from other oriental carpets by being the only ones in the world knotted with double knots. Techniqually this means that each knot itself is secured twice around the transverse threads. Turkish carpets are therefore said to last longer than other handmade carpets.Good quality handmade Rugs are still made in the same way as they were hundreds of years ago.
The carpets derive their names from the localities in which they were produced, as well as from the techniques of their manufacture, the characteristic patterns of their ornamentation, the layout of the design, and the colour scheme. Anatolia has a very rich weaving culture. Every single city, town and village is a weaving centre. An understanding of Turkish carpets and flat woven coverings can only be possible through a detailed research of those centres. Anatolia is a synonym for that part of Turkey which is in Asia, traditionally called Asia Minor. In all carpets described as “ANATOLIAN” the Turkish or Gordes Knot is used.